From thread to tradition, warp to the weft, weaving is both an art and a science. More than a million artisans are employed by this craft, which is dispersed across several centres across the nation, to create a work of art that was created by many, not just one, hands.One such weave that will be covered in more detail in this blog is the Paithani saree.
Paithani silk sarees, which are among India's most prized sarees, have been worn by Maharashtrian brides since antiquity. This article explains "what is a paithani saree" and "how many types of paithani sarees are there" because paithani silk sarees are steeped in tradition and culture.
History and origin of the paithani saree
The Paithani saree tells a tale, a tale that is deeply rooted in history. The art of Paithan is more than 2000 years old and developed in the city of Pratishthan. It is named after the Paithan town in Aurangabad, in the state of Maharashtra, where the saree was first made by hand. Under the Peshwas' support, the Paithani flourished in the 18th century. The textiles from Paithani were especially beloved by the Peshwas.
During the 17th century, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb patronised Paithani silk weavers and introduced the Aurangzebi motif. In the following centuries, in the 19th and 20th, the Nizam of Hyderabad placed significant orders for Paithani silks. Paithani may have survived thanks to the Nizam of Hyderabad's family's patronage. Begum Niloufer, from the Nizam family, is credited for her contribution to the motif Parinda (pheasant bird).
The hand-made paithani sarees created by the master craftsmen of Maharashtra cannot be compared to any fabric made by a machine. Weavers of Paithani sarees and fabrics are primarily found in the districts of Paithan and Yeola in Maharashtra, India. This fact alone makes it a prized possession that should be kept safe and handed down as an heirloom from generation to generation. This traditional saree is renowned for their exquisite designs and luxurious fabrics made of silk threads and gold threads.
The speciality of the paithani saree
This saree's stunning colour scheme and vivacious appeal make us think of ancient royalty. Due to their stunning tonal variety and exuberant appeal, they are tightly woven into a Maharashtrian culture to make the wearer look stunning. A Paithani saree's intricate pallu weaving makes it famous for its ritzy borders and intricate details. While weaving the body, the weaver uses the same number of threads to incorporate distinctive elements. After every three to four inches of the body has been completed, the gum is combined with water in a procedure known as polishing and stiffening. Gum, jaggery, and other sticky materials are frequently used, along with other non-staining ingredients, to seal loose threads.
Cotton was used for the fabric's body, and silk was used for the borders and weft patterns. Paithani today has no trace of cotton. At one point, Silk was imported from China. Currently, Yeola and Paithan purchase silk in Nashik.
Why is Paithani Saree the most demanding?
For anyone who appreciates traditional, classic drapes, having a Paithani sarees in their closet is a necessity. The motifs and designs of the drapes can be light or heavy, according to the type of occasion. This green brocade paithani silk saree is handwoven by Maharashtrian handloom weavers. The stunning green paithani has a golden border that contrasts with the green and features a graceful design with buttis and distinctive traditional motifs all over the saree, as well as parrots at the pallu. Beautiful Maharashtrian paithani sarees, all expertly woven on a handloom by renowned weavers and artisans, are only available in Paithani. This particular speciality earns the moniker "poem in silk" thanks to its colours and design. Wear this to stand out boldly during festive occasions.
How can we identify pure paithani?
Look at the pallu on the back of the Paithani handloom saree in particular. A genuine Paithani saree will have a top side and a reverse side that are identical. Handwoven Paithani is identical on both the front and back. The back of a fake Paithani will be covered in a web of threads.
Since the genuine Paithani sarees are handwoven, no two are ever exactly alike. Even though each saree is unique due to the manual weaving process, the designs may appear similar. On the other hand, because machine-made Paithani sarees are mass-produced, you can easily find thousands of the same pieces.
Because they are mass-produced and can be made in less than 15 days, machine-made Paithani sarees are much less expensive. However, depending on the design, weaving a genuine Paithani saree can take months or even longer than a year. You can buy genuine Paithani saree from our online store to fulfill your ethnic wear needs.
Why is it so expensive?
Many people inquire as to why they cost more than silk saris. The weave is the reason. The Same technique was used to create the 1500-year-old weave of the Persian rug's. It is an heirloom sari that was once so expensive that it was used as money.
We have solved this concern of yours, as we have the best paithani silk saree at the best price, without compromising the quality of the saree.
Paithani saree for brides :
Sarees made of Paithani silk are a traditional component of every Maharashtrian wedding. In India's Maharashtra region, they are revered as the saree's royal queen. This saree is popular among Maharashtrian women for festivals and weddings. This saree and Kanchipuram sarees from the South share some similarities. To prevent this from happening, as with Maharashtrian brides, the threads in Paithani sarees are sealed.
Types of material use :
The main raw materials used for paithani are silk yarn, zari, and colors. Preferably, filigree silk is used as warp and sidlaghatta or charakha silk are used as weft. Another major raw material used in the production of Paithani silk sarees is "Zari." In the olden days, the zari was drawn from pure gold, but today silver is substituted for gold, thus making the Paithanis more affordable to the middle class. Butti, pallov, and zari are the three most common types of zari used for borders.
There are three types of silk threads in use presently:
- Charkha: This is widely used. It is cheap, dull, and uneven.
- Ciddle-Gatta: thin, shiny, smooth, and even fine-quality silk.
- China silk is very expensive to use.
Zari is an all-silver metallic yarn. Originally, zari was manufactured in Yeola; Surat is now another zari-producing center. Zari, used to create Paithani, was originally extracted from pure gold. However, silver is the most affordable substitute today.
Alluringly woven Paithani saree! The Paithani saree is among the most exquisite in the extensive textile culture of Indian heritage. Paithani sarees are a regional speciality from Maharashtra. These can be identified by their pallu, which features a peacock design, and their oblique square border borders.At Comprro, we promote the heritage crafts of our country, such as the Paithani weave, through our specially handcrafted collections. We have a new collection of latest sarees where you will find Paithani sarees in a wide variety of colours.